Home>>Bridge Articles>>Instruction>>Stayman


Author: Larry Cohen Date of publish: 3/31/2012 Level: All Levels

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This is probably the most well-known convention (this or Blackwood) in bridge. It is used after a notrump bid to look for an 8-card major suit fit. After partner's 1NT opening, responder will want to look for a 4-4 major suit fit, with say: ♠A Q 6 5
♥6 5
♦K J 8 7
♣J 3 2
. To ask opener if he has a 4-card major, he responds 2♣.


After a 1NT opening (or overcall), 2♣ asks the 1NT bidder about majors.


The responses to 2♣ are:

2♦= No 4-card major
2♥= 4 (or 5) hearts
2♠= 4 (or 5) spades


After opener's rebid

Here is the brief overview of what it means if the Stayman bidder takes further action:
On the 2-level, everything is natural and not forcing (example: 1N-2♣;2♦-2♥).
On the 3-level, a raise is invitational, of course. Other 3-level bids (using LC Standard) are discussed here.
On the 4-level, a raise to game is to play, other bids are splinter bids (example: 1N-2♣;2♥-4♣).
Partnerships wishing to cover most of the details can read about them here.


The Stayman bidder should usually have at least invitational values. The only exceptions would be:

A) A hand that is willing to pass anything opener answers (including 2♦)

B) A hand that has both majors (at least 4-4) and is willing to pass 2♥/2♠ or correct a 2♦ answer to 2♥ to show a weak hand with both majors

After a 2NT opener (or non-jump overcall), 3♣ is Stayman with the same schedule of responses (a level higher).


Puppet Stayman


Some partnerships use this variation of Stayman which uncovers not only 4-card majors, but also 5-card majors. I recommend it only for very experienced players, and only on the 3-level.  I like 2♣ to be regular Stayman because it allows for various weak responses (with the ability to stop on the 2-level).  In LC Standard, I prefer to use Puppet Stayman only as a jump to 3♣ after 1NT.  (After a 2NT opening, I don't like Puppet Stayman because it is hard to show 5-4 in the majors). For more on Puppet Stayman, click here.


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